How to reduce the chances of getting Atherosclerosis:
Complete change of lifestyle (if you have a poor one) is required. Proper diet should be maintained and healthy foods have to be eaten. Nutrition rich food has to be taken and proper levels of physical exercises must be done to prevent artery diseases.
Obesity, Diabetes, high level of cholesterol are major reasons for the artery diseases and only exercise and proper dietary habits can help prevent them.
People should exercise for at least 30 minutes a day, three times a week, to remain healthy.
Smoking should be stopped as toxic components of cigarettes damage the artery walls.
Green vegetables, pulses, fruits have to be taken to prevent atherosclerosis. Spinach, kale collards are some healthy foods that can be taken. Free radicals must not be taken in and antioxidants and flavonoids must be taken in.
People should avoid taking in animal fats and they should instead take in monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats. Omega 3 fatty acids must be taken in. It is usually present in fish oil.
Chlorinated water must be avoided at all costs as chlorine causes damage to the artery walls.
Even food with above recommended fats must be taken in controlled quantities. On any account cholesterol levels must be kept under control and sugar levels must be controlled as well.
Family history have to be known and if anyone in the family had atherosclerosis, doctors treating you, must be informed about it.
Pollution, air pollution in particular, can also be a factor for bringing in atherosclerosis based diseases. So it is better to avoid unhealthy atmospheres.
Doctors can also recommend medicines that might help in the control of atherosclerosis risk factors.